What is EIC?

Young, healthy Labrador retrievers sometimes suffer from a syndrome called Exercise Induced Collapse (EIC). It is associated with exercise intolerance and affected dogs can tolerate only mild or moderate exercise. These dogs normally collapse after 5 to 15 minutes of strenuous exercise, especially if the dog is overly excited or stressed. Symptoms include a wobbly gait and non-painful paralysis and the dog often losses control of its rear limbs. This is a newly characterized syndrome as veterinarians had previously thought it to be caused by malignant hyperthermia, hypoglycemia, electrolyte disturbances and cardiac rhythm disturbances to name just a few. The cause is however a genetic mutation. (Patterson et al., 2008; Taylor et al., 2009) 


A guide for owners which deals with parvovirus (SAVF)

Parvovirus infection is a potentially fatal viral disease of dogs that affects primarily the gastrointestinal tract and the bone marrow of young dogs.

Signs of disease

  1. Diarrhoea that is often bloody and with a characteristic pungent fetid smell.
  2. Constant or intermittent vomiting.
  3. Loss of appetite, listlessness, depression. 
  4. Sunken eyes and an inelastic skin [these are signs of dehydration].
  5. Tender abdomen. 

What is Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA?)

Progressive Retinal Atrophy is a group of genetic eye disorders that share similar symptoms and occur in over 100 dog breeds. In dogs suffering from Progressive rod-cone degeneration (PRA-prcd) the cells of the rods and cones in the retina of the eye degenerate when the dog reaches early adolescence. PRA-prcd is diagnosed as a late onset disease as the retina cells develops normally after birth and then starts to degenerate later in life (Acland et al. 1998). Night blindness normally develops at around 2 ? 3 years of age and progresses to complete blindness at around 5 years of age (Andre et al., 2008). Close to 30 dog breeds are known to develop this disease as indicated in Table 1 (Zangerl et al., 2006; Andre et al., 2008).


The  History of the Lovebird

Lovebirds originate from Africa and were first imported to Europe during the 1800’s. The first written record of lovebirds appeared during the 1600’s. It took scientists and bird enthusiasts over 200 years to discover and identify the nine different lovebird species. Before long, they were in high demand and tens of thousands of lovebirds were shipped to the USA and Europe.

Regrettably, a large number of these wild birds failed to flourish in captivity and many died. Several species were regularly caught by trappers, which often wiped out entire local populations. Today, some lovebird species are so rare they can only be found in national parks and protected forests.

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